When a farmer gets up in the morning, they have a lot to think about. They are thinking about getting the kids to school on time, the mid-morning meet-up with the seed dealer and the evening FFA alumni meeting. They hit the alarm at the crack of dawn, roll out into the cold to feed cattle and simultaneously check the weather and markets while anticipating the needs for the next planting season. Farming is one of the most rewarding jobs and it’s all-consuming. That is why the checkoff is in place.
The checkoff focuses on tasks that farmers don’t have time to consider. It is the checks and balances working to ensure a family legacy stays intact through research, promotion and education investments. It is an extension of a family’s farming operation.
In 1991, U.S. soybean farmers created the national soybean checkoff. Congress passed a provision as part of the 1990 farm bill to form the checkoff at the request of soybean farmers throughout the nation. The law required a referendum in 1994 to determine if the national checkoff should continue. In this referendum, producers voted to continue the program.
In addition to that 1994 vote, the Soybean Promotion, Research and Consumer Information Act requires the Secretary of Agriculture to conduct a new Request for Referendum every five years after the initial referendum to determine if there is sufficient interest among soybean producers to vote on whether to continue the Order—meaning that every five years farmers get to decide whether to support the checkoff or NOT.
The last Request for Referendum was held in May 2019. Only 708 farmers requested a referendum, representing 0.13% of all eligible soybean farmers. This fell far short of the 10% needed to prompt a referendum, showing resounding support for the soy checkoff. To repeat what this means, farmers support the checkoff and continue to vote to KEEP the checkoff. They see this as a business decision to support their operations and peers across the nation.
Today, U.S. Senators Cory Booker and Mike Lee are leading an effort to reform agricultural checkoff programs by introducing the Opportunities for Fairness in Farming Act (OFF Act). Additionally, Rep. Mace (SC-R) and Rep. Titus (NV-R) filed a companion bill in the House. The legislation aims to impose new restrictions on checkoffs that would prohibit them from contracting with an organization that engages in lobbying, conflicts of interest, or anti-competitive activities that harm other commodities.
While billed as “checkoff reform” aimed at enhancing accountability, the bills are problematic in that they fail to recognize the extensive existing oversight of both the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the organizations that administer agriculture checkoffs.
In addition to the OFF Act (S.557 and H.R.1249), Representative Victoria Spartz (R-IN) filed an amendment to the House Agriculture, Rural Development, Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Appropriations bill that would eliminate funding for USDA to administer national agriculture promotion programs.
The integral piece for producers to remember is that it’s easy for the policymakers to sit in their seats in D.C., thousands of miles away from a farm and manual labor. They aren’t part of your farm; they don’t know your needs and they are implementing yet another policy that impairs your right to farm.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower said it best, “Farming looks mighty easy when your plow is a pencil and you’re a thousand miles from the cornfield.”
Despite the anti-checkoff sentiment in D.C., the agriculture industry has champions who understand producer checkoff programs are a valuable tool in building new demand and
educating on issues that impact the future of farming. In fact, Congressman Barry Moore (AL) and two dozen bipartisan Representatives filed a congressional resolution (H.Res.588) in support of commodity checkoffs.
Today, the soybean checkoff is governed by 77 farmer-leaders from across the country with one common goal: increasing return on investment for all U.S. soybean farmers. The checkoff accomplishes this by researching production practices, working with the supply chain, and finding new markets for domestically and abroad for soy oil and meal. The soy checkoff is working for a successful future of U.S. soybean farmers when investing their funds for maximum return on investment. Stewardship of the funds collected from farmers is a top priority for the farmer board (appointed by the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture), staff and affiliated entities.
Soybean checkoff programs allow farmers to invest in opportunities that enhance markets and the overall value of soybeans. For every dollar a farmer invests in the soy checkoff, they receive a $12.34 ROI through the results of the national checkoff – United Soybean Board (USB) – promotion, research and education.
The Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council (MSMC) has a rich history of devoting dollars to innovative research projects that aid the future farmer. The organization will continue to devote time and research to SOYLEIC® soybeans, biodiesel, soy-based protein and infrastructure. As the soybean checkoff continues to position U.S. soy for the future, this work will help influence how the world perceives the value of domestic soy and soy products.
I urge you to reject Rep. Spartz’s amendment, which threatens the viability of these successful producer-led, producer-funded programs that benefit agriculture and all of us. Research and promotion boards – checkoffs – support efforts to develop new markets and strengthen existing markets for specific commodities while conducting important research and promotional activities via pooled resources and stakeholder investments.
Her amendment is alarming news and in direct contrast to the congressional resolution (H.Res.588) filed just days before by Congressman Barry Moore (AL) and thirty bipartisan Representatives expressing House support of commodity checkoffs.
The next time the farmer goes to their local grain elevator, and wonders where one-half of one percent of their paycheck went, know that it went to an investment in the family farm. It’s an investment in tools, insights and research needed to be effective today and decades to come.
Missouri Soybean Association President